Elaeocarpus grandis (ELAEOCARPACEAE); Blue quandong, blue fig, cooloon, white quandong, silver quandong

Blue Quandong
Elaeocarpus grandis - fruit - David Somerville 2002
Large tree to 35m with buttressed trunk. Branches layered. Occurs in sub-tropical rainforest and along moist, scrubby watercourses. An endemic Australian species, occurring along the east coast from Nambucca R. NSW to Cooktown, N Qld, and also NT.

Leaves alternate and one-foliolate, oblong-elliptical, with shallow, toothed margins; 10-18cm in length. Blade dark green above. Sparse crown usually characterized by occurrence of some bright red leaves as they senesce (age) .

Flowers greenish/white, bell-shaped, with five fringed petals; borne in numerous racemes along branches, from leaf scars. Flowering occurs March to June.

Fruit a bright blue, ovoid drupe 2-3 cm in diameter, with a thin layer of edible, green flesh. Up to five seeds encased in a hard, pitted stone. Ripe Sept to Nov.

Edible, though not that palatable.

Flowers, fruit, foliage and shape make this an ideal tree for large gardens or parks.

Seeds should be sown fresh, but stones should be filed before sowing. Can take up to 12 months to germinate. Can also be propagated from cuttings.

Fruit stones were used by aborigines for necklaces. Aborigines of the north were known to make up an edible paste of the ripe fruit by squashing them into a bark trough filled with water.

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Blue Quandong - new foliage
Elaeocarpus grandis - new foliage - David Somerville 2002
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Blue Quandong - foliage & flowers
Elaeocarpus grandis - foliage & flowers - David Somerville 2002
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Blue Quandong